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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor). test
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word or OpenOffice file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

Instructions and guidelines for submission of articles

 Aims and scope

The Bhutan Journal of Animal Science (BJAS), founded in 2016, is an English-language journal on livestock science. BJAS is supervised by the Department of Livestock, Ministry of Agriculture and Forests, and financed by the Royal Government of Bhutan. BJAS is published annually. BJAS publishes research, reviews, reports on all aspects of ruminants, poultry, aquaculture, and apiculture. BJAS also accepts livestock associated research reports on climate change, sustainable development, and rural livelihood. BJAS requires academic papers and research reports to display universal, strategic and innovative characteristics in both theory and practice. BJAS acts as a forum for sharing information between researchers, policy makers and practitioners.

 Research Article


BJAS will consider papers describing original research findings related to ruminants, poultry, fishery, apiculture and forage sciences. Topics of papers can be on animal health, animal production, forage, and social sciences related to livestock. Research articles submitted to BJAS should be between 2,500 and 10,000 words, though longer submissions may be considered under exceptional circumstances.

 Please mention whether your submission is a full-length research article, review, or short communication.

Manuscripts must be written in concise English. Please use double line spacing in Times New Roman font (size 12). Include line and page numbering.

The manuscript should be divided into the following sections:

  • Title page
  • Abstract, maximum 300 words
  • Keywords
  • Introduction
  • Study area
  • Methods
  • Results & Discussion
  • Conclusions
  • Declarations
  • References

 Title page

The title page should:

  • present a title that best describes the content of the article.
  • list the full names and institutional addresses for all authors. If a collaboration group should be listed as an author, please list the group name as an author and include the names of the individual members of the group in the “Acknowledgements” section in accordance with the instructions below. Only those who have contributed to the concept and idea of the scientific article shall qualify as co-authors. Co-authors should appear in order of their contribution.
  • indicate the corresponding author with email address and phone numbers


The abstract should briefly summarize the aim, findings or purpose of the article. Please minimize the use of abbreviations and do not cite references in the abstract.


Three to eight keywords representing the main content of the article.


The introduction starts on a new page following the abstract. The introduction briefly justifies the research and specifies the hypotheses to be tested. Extensive discussion of relevant literature should be included in the discussion of results, not in the introduction.

Materials and Method

Research methods and statistical procedures must be clearly described. Describe in brief the ethical approval for the use and care both animal and human involved.

 Results and discussion

The Result and discussion must be combined in one section. Results should be presented in tabular form and explain or elaborate on the tabular data. whereas, the discussion should interpret the results clearly and concisely in terms of biological mechanisms and should integrate with the research findings of other studies to provide the readers with a broad base for understanding whether the hypotheses tested were accepted or rejected.

List of abbreviations

If abbreviations are used in the text, they should be defined in the text at first use.                                                            

 Competing interests

All financial and non-financial competing interests must be declared in this section. If you are unsure whether you or any of your co-authors have a competing interest, please contact the editorial board.


All sources of funding for the research reported should be declared. The role of the funding body in the design of the study and collection, analysis, and interpretation of data and in writing the manuscript should be declared.

 Authors' contributions

The individual contributions of authors to the manuscript should be specified in this section.


Please acknowledge anyone who contributed towards the article who does not meet the criteria for authorship including anyone who provided professional writing services or materials. Authors should obtain permission to acknowledge from all those mentioned in the Acknowledgements section.

 Authors' information

You may choose to use this section to include any relevant information about the author(s) that may aid the reader's interpretation of the article, and understand the standpoint of the author(s). This may include details about the authors' qualifications, current positions they hold at institutions or societies, or any other relevant background information. Please refer to authors using their initials. Note this section should not be used to describe any competing interests.

 How to format in-text citation and references

Intext citation:

Single author: Jigme Wangdi

In-text citation: Wangdi (2017) / (Wangdi 2017)

Two authors: Jigme Wangdi and Towchu Rabgay (2017)

In-text citation: Wangdi and Rabgay (2017) / (Wangdi and Rabgay 2017)

More than three authors: Jigme Wangdi, Towchu Rabgay, Namgay Dorji (2017)

In-text citation: Wangdi et al. (2017) / (Wangdi et al. 2017)

Personal communication

(J. Wangdi, personal communication, January 4, 2021) or According to J. Wangdi (personal communication, January 4, 2021) ……..

Reference style (example):

Article within a journal

Dorji T and Tshering G. (1999). Side effects of excessive insemination in mithun bulls. Journal of Animal Science, 2 (Volume number): 12-15 (Page number).

 Complete book

Gyaltshen T, Wangmo T, and Karpo K. (1985). World of Animals. Publisher, Place of publication, country of publication.

 Book chapter, or an article within a book

Chamling S. (1997). Crossbreeding of Yak and Buffalo (Chapter name). In Animal Reproduction (Name of book), Tshering L and Timsina MP. (editors), 99-119 (page number). Publisher’s name, place of publication.

 Online document

Gurung RB and Dukpa K. (2007). Name of the document. Accessed 26 June 2007.

 File formats

 The word processor file format is acceptable for the main manuscript document

 Please note: Please do not submit the manuscript in pdf format. Figures must be submitted as separate image files (graphs in editable excel files and photographs in high resolution JPEG files) and not as part of the submitted manuscript file. Failing to submit these source files will cause unnecessary delays in the production process.

 Style and language

 For editors and reviewers to accurately assess the work presented in your manuscript you need to ensure the English language is of sufficient quality to be understood. If you need help with writing in English you should consider:

  • Asking a colleague who has a good command of language or preferably a native English speaker to review your manuscript for clarity.
  • Using a professional language editing service where editors will improve the English to ensure that your meaning is clear and identify problems that require your review.

Please note that the use of a language editing service is not a requirement for publication and does not imply or guarantee that the article will be selected for peer review or accepted. Use of an editing service is neither a requirement nor a guarantee of acceptance for publication.

 Preparing figures

 When preparing figures, please follow the formatting instructions below.

  • Figures should be provided as separate files, not embedded in the main manuscript file.
  • Each figure of a manuscript should be submitted as a single file that fits on a single page in portrait format.
  • Multi-panel figures (those with parts a, b, c, d etc.) should be submitted as a single composite file that contains all parts of the figure.
  • Figures should be numbered in the order they are first mentioned in the text, and uploaded in this order.
  • Figures should be uploaded in the correct orientation.

 Figure file types

 We accept the following file formats for figures:

  • Microsoft Word (suitable for diagrams and/or images, figures must be a single page)
  • JPEG (suitable for photographic images, less suitable for graphical images)

 Figure size and resolution

 JPEG files saved at maximum quality should be submitted. Figures are resized during publication of the final full text and PDF versions.

Preparing tables

 When preparing tables, please follow the formatting instructions below.

  • Tables should be numbered and cited in the text (i.e., Table 1, Table 2 etc.).
  • Tabular data provided as additional files can be uploaded as an Excel spreadsheet (.xls)
  • Table titles (max 15 words) should be included above the table, and legends (max 300 words) should be included underneath the table.


Section default policy

Review Papers

Section Default Policy

Short Communications

Section Default Policy

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